See which states have the biggest increases in Latino student-aged population, and why it matters



The population of Hispanic or Latino students in public schools is increasing across the United States. But between pandemic disruptions, teacher shortages, and lack of dual-language programs, many school districts may not be ready to accommodate them. We wanted to better understand which states will be impacted the most, so we dug into census data and studies from national education groups. This is what we found:  

The U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics predicts that by the year 2030, nearly 30% of all public school students will be Hispanic or Latino:

That means there will be an estimated 14 million Hispanic or Latino students in the education system by the year 2030.

An average of 1 million Hispanic or Latino babies was born each year during the 2010s – a slight increase from the previous decade. About 350,000 Hispanic or Latino immigrants arrived annually – a decrease from the previous two decades, according to the Pew Research Center. 

This map shows English-language learners (students learning English as a second language) as a percent of total state enrollment. Spanish was the home language for more than 75% of English-language learners and 7.9% of all students in public schools. 

Performance on math and reading assessments dropped for all student groups during the pandemic. However, Hispanic or Latino students experienced greater declines than their non-Latino white peers on NWEA’s Measures of Academic Progress, an interim assessment administered in schools across the country. These are the declines from 2019 to 2021: 

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